A beginner's guide to Flavonoids
We all are familiar with terpenes at this point, but have you had an opportunity to explore the world of flavonoids? Here we will give you a brief overview of what they are, what they do, and what that means to you!
In culinary history flavonoids have always played a large role. Found naturally in many fruits and vegetables (as well as other plant products like wine, tea, and chocolate), we interact with flavonoids on a daily basis. There are six different types of flavonoids found in food, and each kind is broken down by your body in a different way.
Our research regarding Flavonoids in food have found that they are rich in antioxidant activity and can help your body ward off everyday toxins. Other research suggests that they can regulate cellular activity and fight off free radicals that cause oxidative stress on your body. In simpler terms, they help your body function more efficiently while protecting it against everyday toxins and stressors.
FLAVONOIDS in CANNABIS
Flavonoids are chemical compounds that can be found in cannabis and other plants. Thousands of flavonoids are found throughout nature, but only a few appear to be unique to cannabis and are referred to as cannflavins. About 20 varieties of flavonoids have been identified in cannabis and are believed to make up approximately 10% of the plant’s total composition.
These compounds are best known for creating the color you see in the flower—these colors are used to attract pollinators and potentially protect plants from UV rays, pests, and disease. Example: Purple hues expressed by some cannabis strains are primarily caused by a flavonoid called anthocyanin.
Flavonoids may also influence the smell and effect of the flower, although more research in this area is needed. One research study showed promise using Cannflavin A as an anti-inflammatory but we will not know more until research is complete. Given the way other cannabinoids and terpenes interact, Flavonoids most likely work synergistically with other cannabis compounds.
Another heavily researched aspect to flavonoids in food is its work with inflammation; one of your body’s immune responses. Allergens, germs, toxins, and other irritants can trigger inflammation that results in uncomfortable symptoms. Flavonoids may help your body dismiss that inflammatory reaction so that those symptoms are reduced.
How flavonoids work in cannabis and in conjunction with other cannabinoids and terpenes has not been studied in depth enough yet to know the full extent of their capabilities. It is important to remember that the effects of cannabis are the result of complex developments of cannabinoids, flavonoids, and terpenes that take place in the plant’s glandular trichomes. Consult a physician before consulting new strains if underlying conditions exist.
“Flavonoids are now considered as an indispensable component in a variety of nutraceutical, pharmaceutical, medicinal and cosmetic applications. This is attributed to their anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, anti-mutagenic and anti-carcinogenic properties coupled with their capacity to modulate key cellular enzyme function. Research on flavonoids received an added impulse with the discovery of the low cardiovascular mortality rate and also prevention of CHD. Information on the working mechanisms of flavonoids is still not understood properly.”
-National Library of Medicine
National Library of Public Medicine, “Flavonoids: an Overview”, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5465813/
Science Direct’s,“Isolation from cannabis sativa L. of cannflavin- a novel inhibitor of prostaglandin production”, https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/0006295285903259?via%3Dihub
Leafly’s, “What is a Flavonoid?”, https://www.leafly.com/learn/cannabis-glossary/flavonoid#:~:text=Flavonoids%20are%20chemical%20compounds%20present,rays%2C%20pests%2C%20and%20disease
Weedmaps’, “Cannabis Trichomes: How cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids are made”. https://weedmaps.com/learn/the-plant/how-cannabinoids-terpenes-flavonoids-are-made
Heathline’s, “What are Flavonoids? Everything you need to know” https://www.healthline.com/health/what-are-flavonoids-everything-you-need-to-know
WebMD’s, “Foods High in Flavonoids” https://www.webmd.com/diet/foods-high-in-flavonoids
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