Happy Croptober! Let’s dig into some Cannabis Harvesting Tips:
A beginner's guide to Harvesting Cannabis
It’s, October and it’s time to start deciding when to take down your cannabis plants. Many of you who purchased clones from us were first time growers, so we wanted to share a few tips with you to boost terpene production, ensure you harvest at the “golden moment”, and how to dry and cure!
Growth times can vary by strain and by geography, however generally indica strains will flower in 50-60 days and sativa strains will flower in 60-70 days. Because each strain is unique these are generalities and not rules, some sativas can finish more quickly and some indicas can take longer to grow.
Harvesting cannabis at just the right moment helps to maximize the terpene and resin potential of the plant. If you harvest too early you sacrifice some of that production. Similarly if you harvest too late, the THC crystals can degrade into CBN (the cannabinoid that puts the plant to sleep), reducing the potential of psycho-activity in the plant. Due to the fact that we are in Oregon, we are sometimes forced to harvest cannabis in mid-October due to oncoming rains and mold prevention- but we do what we gotta do.
With so many variables that equate to a proper harvest time there are a few tricks to finding what we in the cannabis industry refer to as the “Golden Moment”. Every strain will represent its maturity differently and at different times so treat each strain you grow uniquely. Now let’s get out your magnifying glasses and let’s take a peak at some helpful hints:
Monitor Your Trichomes
Also known as Pistols, they will begin clear and slowly change to a milky white and then to a shade of amber. The amber is not always present and is highly strain dependent so do not rely on this aspect solely. If you do not see the amber, continue to check using the following methods before deciding to wait for harvest.
Monitor Your Stigma
These are the hair like features on the flower. While the plant is growing they will be white and as the plant comes closer to maturity, they turn to a darker and darker shade of orange/red (or sometimes purple depending on the strain!)
Keep One Eye on the Gland Heads
These can be found at the top of the Trichome or Pistol. Within this magical ball can be found your terpenes and cannabinoids. As the plant matures, the glands will swell. We tend to keep an eye on them in the final few weeks. Once we see the first one or two pop we know the rest are also at their maximum potential and do our harvest.
Keep Your Other Eye on the Skies
And on the weather forecast. If you are growing outdoors, make sure to harvest your plants before any large rainfall soaks your flowers or get them under cover. These are prime conditions for mold once you get to the drying and curing process and are best avoided.
WET TRIM VS DRY TRIM
Now is the time to decide if you are going to trim your cannabis wet or dry if you haven’t already. Trimming wet not only allows the flowers to cure more quickly, but the added air circulation also minimizes the risk of mold occurring during the drying process. Wet trimming is the go-to method for most people in the industry because having the leaves being alert and horizontal makes the trimming process much quicker.
The reason someone may choose to dry their harvest prior to trimming is to preserve cannabinoid and terpene exactness. A true cannabis connoisseur will choose the slower method of waiting for the flower to dry before harvest and taking the extra time to trim. Some studies have shown that up to 30% of terpenes can evaporate in the first week of drying!
Hang your branches in a well ventilated and dry area and monitor closely. Some people have hung rope or twine lines in their homes or garage, others use hangers. Make sure there is enough spacing between branches for air to flow freely.
It does not take too long for cannabis to dry out, maybe 3-14 days depending on humidity, temperature and how you trimmed. Over-drying your cannabis will cause resin glands to shrink up and burst, losing potency or cannabinoids and terpenes as well as making for a harsher smoke on the throat. Making sure to pull your buds down and put it in a air-tight jar with some preservation packs is going to be important. Be sure to check your flower more frequently as time passes to make sure you do not over dry it.
Your plant will be done drying when the branch is no longer rubbery but doesn’t quite break when you bend it.
This is a rather simple step. Place your trimmed and dried flower into your storage container (reference below). Curing is accomplished by “burping” or opening the jar for short periods of time every few days over the period of about 7-10 days.
GLASS. GLASS. GLASS.
Anything airtight will do the job but there is a risk of plastics absorbing your terpenes and cannabinoids and are okay for temporary storage but for long term storage nothing competes with a classic mason jar.
Also we couldn’t recommend Boveda Moisure Control Packs more highly. The Moisture % we would recommend for cannabis is 62%. They are available online.
The resin on your fingers and scissors is considered like gold in some places- Ball it up and top your pipe with it!
Sticky Residue Removal: A little coconut oil will take that right off!
Remove as few crystals and hairs as possible, that is where all the good stuff is.
Wash your scissors frequently. We keep a small tub of isopropyl 99% nearby and have two sets of scissors and alternate between them, keeping one constantly at the ready. Remember to save that hash first!
Wear old clothes that you don’t care if get dirty.
Harvesting Cannabis at its “Golden Moment” will increase cannabinoid and terpene yields.
Wet trimming can be faster and easier while Dry trimming preserves more cannabinoids and terpenes.
When curing, make sure your plants have sufficient room for airflow.
Store you cannabis in glass whenever possible.
Cannabis Infused Guacamole
Today we will be using Luminous Botanicals Universal Tonic to infuse some home-made guacamole! Definitely a kitchen classic, everyone should have a good guacamole recipe up their sleeve. This Cannabis-infused Guacamole recipe comes from Budtender Richard.
Let’s get cookin’!
- Your Choice of Luminous Botanicals Universal Tonic
- 2 limes (1 for juicing, 1 for garnish)
- 1/2 Red onion (diced)
- 1 cup cilantro
- 2 roma tomatoes, seeded and diced
- 3 cloves fresh garlic minced
- 3 tablespoons honey
- 1 jalepeno
- Vinegar (white wine or apple is preferrable, we used red wine due to availability in the kitchen)
- Cayenne, Salt & Pepper to taste
WHAT YOU’LL NEED
DICE your onions, cilantro, tomatoes, jalapeños, and garlic. Cut one lime in half and the other in wedges for garnish.
COMBINE in the small bowl your jalapeños, honey, and vinegar with a dash of salt and pepper and set aside.
Remove peel and pits of avocados and put in mixing bowl. Squeeze in one of your lime halves after each Avocado is added to the bowl to keep from browning. Once completely coated in lime juice, pull out the large Avocado halves and start dicing.
ADD your tomatoes, onion, cilantro, tomatoes, and garlic. Keep mixing and cutting avocados as needed until you find the desired consistency. Add Cayenne, Salt & Pepper to taste.
DOSE IT Grab your Luminous Botanicals Universal Tonic and measure out an appropriate dosage for your guac. Remember to mix thoroughly when adding your cannabis tincture so as to evenly distribute the tonic through the guacamole. For more information on dosing, check out our dosing guide below!
SERVE in a serving dish and garnish with strained jalapeños, a dash of cayenne for color, and your lime wedges.
Want to make it with us?
We put a video on youtube with Budtender Richard guiding you through the process. You can use this as a reference when making your guacamole at home!
Per OLCC research: The average psycho-active threshold is 5mg of THC, some people need less, some people need more.*
How many people will be enjoying this guacamole, and what are their dosage needs?
If you know the dosage needs of your guests that will help you dose your guacamole more specifically. When we made our batch we dosed it with 25mg of CBD per person. They don’t have to eat their full serving of guacamole if their dosage needs are lower, and they can always add more to their personal serving if their needs are higher!
Our best recommendation is to make sure to inform your guests how much CBD or THC is in your dish so they can medicate themselves appropriately!
Luminous Botanicals Tinctures offer up 10mg per one serving. Each of their pipettes (the eye dropper) pulls up two servings– each of which is marked by a line on the tube (as seen here).
If you are using a different tincture to medicate your guacamole, make sure to reference the dosing guides they provide you on the back of the box or bottle.
*Always start low and add slowly, remembering to wait at least 1.5 hours after eating an edible before consuming more as it takes time for your body to digest the cannabis and feel the effects.
What is CBD and what is this ‘Entourage Effect’
A beginner's guide to Cannabidiol & the Entourage Effect
CBD has become incredibly prevalent in our country but remains an unregulated substance, so it is important to source your Cannabidiol with care. Below we’ll discuss what Cannabidiol is, its medical applications, and how to ensure that it has been correctly sourced.
Cannabidiol or CBD is one of the many cannabinoids produced by cannabis and hemp plants, and is the second most abundant after THC. The discovery in 2009 started a world-wide phenomenon as consumers sought its non-psychoactive benefits. It has since been learned that not only does C B D not produce a high, but it can actually reduce the psycho-activity caused by THC as well!
CANNABIS VS. HEMP
Did you know that the only difference between hemp and cannabis is the levels of THC and CBD the plant expresses? Hemp plants that are high in CBD will still naturally express themselves with trace levels of THC. These plants can still be considered hemp and will not produce a high in most people. That being said, trace amounts of THC may be high enough to trigger a drug test. Products that contain all of the plant’s cannabinoids, fats, and lipids are called Full Extract Cannabis Oils (or FECO) and offer a fuller wellness experience, as discussed below.
The Entourage Effect
Isolates vs. Full Spectrum
Scientists immediately began isolating the CBD molecule away from the THC and creating products called CBD Isolates. These were specifically designed for people who are looking to take advantage of the benefits of CBD, but whose medication would not interact well with THC or who required drug tests for work.
All of the research done comparing full-spectrum CBD to CBD isolates shows that the isolated version is much less effective. Scientists dubbed this the ‘Entourage Effect’, as the whole is greater than the sum of its parts. Research shows us that the sub-cannabinoids, terpenes, lipids, and fats all play necessary roles in connecting the CBD we ingest to the receptors within the body where it does its best work.
When CBD enters the body it bonds with our endocannabinoid system and encourages the natural production of endocannabinoids that are already present in our system! Cannabidiol also has the unique ability to also interact with our dopamine, opioid, and serotonin receptors!
On a cellular level CBD allows our body’s cells to better communicate with each other. This is why we see such a large list of possible benefits when it comes to this cannabinoid. Consumers have reported assistance with anxiety, pain, sleep, epileptic seizures, addiction, depression, and cancer, just to list a few. If you are interested in learning more about how CBD can benefit these issues we have provided some links below to research studies.
Why Sourcing your CBD is important
In 2019 the I-team at NBC purchased and tested CBD products from all over New York City and found alarming results. Some of the products were high in heavy metals like lead, and some failed California’s Quality Control Standard laboratory testing for being too high in pesticides and toxins.
A more recent report from Forbes discusses a 2021 study showing that 25% of CBD products are not tested for purity. Since its discovery in 2009, CBD has remained an unregulated substance in the United States. This means that anyone can slap the word (CBD) on a bottle and sell it to you as Cannabidiol – even if it’s not.
How to Source
In 2019, the Oregon Liquor and Cannabis Commission enacted a law that required all . C B D products sold in Oregon dispensaries to be fully tested and sourced through their division. This helps to assure that a product’s label accurately represents the amount of C B D and THC found within the container.
When trying to source a C B D product, look at the box or the bottle. There should be a clear label there providing you with the test results. Laboratory information should also be available there for you to be able to confirm that the test results you see are accurate. If you do not see this information on your label that is a huge red flag.
When in doubt you should always feel free to reach out to their manufacturer. If they can’t answer the questions you have, don’t settle for the product. There are plenty of wonderful and legitimate companies out there making healthful products. We will put links below to some of our favorite brands that we’ve vetted and are available nationally.
Each cannabinoid occurs in different levels within different plants and can interact with each person uniquely depending on the synergy of cannabinoids and terpenes in the plant in combination with how your body produces and reacts to them. Learning about the uses of each cannabinoid can greatly increase your success with using cannabis as a medication. Your budtender can be an excellent tool in helping direct you to the strains and intake methods that are right for you. We only offer Full-Spectrum C B D Products in our store- you can check out our menu here to see what we have available by using the search feature.
C B D is non-psychoactive on it’s own, and has the ability to mitigate the high experienced with THC.
Cannabidiol and THC come from the same plant, expressing itself in different ways.
Full-Spectrum Cannabidiol products (containing trace levels of THC) have been shown to be more effective than products made from C B D Isolates.
It is incredibly important to source your C B D to ensure its quality.
Leafly’s: “What is C B D and What does this Cannabinoid do?” https://www.leafly.com/news/cannabis-101/what-is-cbd
Weedmaps’: “Cannabidiol” https://weedmaps.com/learn/dictionary/cbd
Weedmaps’: “C B D” https://weedmaps.com/learn/cbd
Weedmaps’: “What is C B D used for?” https://weedmaps.com/learn/cbd/what-is-cbd-used-for
High Times’: A Beginners Guide to C B D” https://hightimes.com/guides/a-beginners-guide-to-cbd/
Leafly’s: “How does C B D effect our body” https://www.leafly.com/news/cbd/what-does-cbd-do
Leafly’s “C B D holds promise for Childhood Epilepsy study finds” https://www.leafly.com/news/science-tech/cbd-holds-promise-as-child-epilepsy-treatment-studies-find
Leafly’s “Can C B D Show up in a Drug Test” https://www.leafly.com/news/cbd/does-cbd-show-up-drug-test
Leafly’s: “What kinds of Pain can Cannabidiol Treat” https://www.leafly.com/news/health/cbd-types-of-pain
Frontiers in Philosophy’s: “Axiolytic Effects of Repeated Cannabidiol Treatment in Teenages with Social Anxiety Disorders” https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02466/full
National Library of Medicine, Pub Med’s:
Cannabidiol in Anxiety and Sleep: a Large Case Study” https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6326553/
Nabiximols for opioid-treated cancer patients with poorly-controlled chronic pain: a randomized, placebo-controlled, graded-dose trial” https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22483680/
What is CBN and what does it do?
A beginner's guide to Cannabinol
Often referred to as “The Couchlock Cannabinoid”, CBN (cannabinol) is present in all strains of cannabis and does not provide a high on its own. Although there hasn’t been much research on Canabinol’s sedating effects, one human study did look at this question and found that it may be the combination of CBN and THC that cause the sedative effect.
CBN is the final terpene produced by the cannabis plant and is created as THC degrades over time. For that reason you see the highest levels of CBN in older strains. For many years the best way to find and take advantage of Cannabinol was to seek out old flower, or to buy some new flower and wait. As research has advanced on the benefits of other cannabinoids, products have begun to emerge on the market, made from rarer strains that have been found to be high in this cannabinoid.
Research available is limited (as we are just beginning to study this cannabinoid in depth) but did begin in the 1970s! Very few studies show results for the human body (mostly mice) so it’s mostly theoretical right now. The only human study done was in the 1970s and pertained to its assistance with sleep. Most of what we have learned personally comes from customer feedback. What research does exists suggests possible aid for things like glaucoma, as an antibacterial, neuro-protective, and appetite stimulant. We have provided links to these research studies below so you can learn more.
THE COUCH-LOCK CANNABINOID
That first study in the 1970s led the way for this cannabinoid to become known as the “Couch-lock Cannabinoid”. While the sample group was small, none of the respondents reported that cannabinol made them tired.
So why does everyone say that it’s sedating?
“Pure Cannabinol is not particularly sedating,” Dr. Ethan Russo, Cannabis Researcher and Neurologist, “But it is typically found in aged cannabis in which the monoterpenoids have evaporated leaving the more sedating oxygenated sesquiterpenoids. This accounts for the discrepancy.”
In other words, that older weed that is boasting high levels of Cannabinol is also high in sedating terpenes. Researchers believe it is the effect of the terpenes rather than the CBN that creates the relaxing effect we find in aged cannabis. They have also suggested that accompanying it with THC is necessary to receive that sedative effect.
One misconception to be aware of is that not all high CBN products will be non-intoxicating, some are mixed with even balanced ratios of THC. While Cannabinol alone will not produce a high, it can actually increase euphoric effects of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol. If you are looking to take advantage of CBN’s benefits without a high, make sure you are using products that don’t contain too much THC!
Each cannabinoid occurs in different levels within different plants and can interact with each person uniquely depending on the synergy of cannabinoids and terpenes in the plant in combination with how your body produces and reacts to them. Learning about the uses of each cannabinoid can greatly increase your success with using cannabis as a medication. Your budtender can be an excellent tool in helping direct you to the strains and intake methods that are right for you. We do offer CBN Products in our store- you can check out our menu here to see what we have available by using the search feature.
CBN is created at THC degrades over time (most commonly found in older weed)
Cannabinol does not produce a high on it’s own (much like CBD) but can increase euphoric tendencies of THC.
Studies have shown positive results with Cannabinol as an anticonvulsant, anti-biotic, neuroprotectant, appetite stimulator, and an anti-inflammatory.
Leafly’s, “What is CBN (cannabinol) and what are the benefits of this cannabinoid” https://www.leafly.com/news/science-tech/what-is-cbn-and-what-are-the-benefits-of-this-cannabinoid
Weedmaps, “The Difference between CBN vs CBD” https://weedmaps.com/learn/cbd/cbn-vs-cbd
High Times, “The Ultimate Guide to Cannabinoids in Cannabis” https://hightimes.com/guides/cannabinoids/
Weedmaps, “CBN, Definition” https://weedmaps.com/learn/dictionary/cannabinol-cbn
Science Directs, “CBN” https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/medicine-and-dentistry/cannabinol
National Library of Medicine, PubMed:
Antibacterial Cannabinoids of Cannabis https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18681481/
CBN delays onset of ALS https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16183560/
CBN and CBD excerpt opposite effects on rat feeding patterns https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22543671/
Cannabinoids in Health & Disease https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3202504/
Cannabinoids, Inflammation & Fibrosis https://faseb.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1096/fj.201600646r
Effects of delta9-tetrahydracannabinol and cannabinol in man https://faseb.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1096/fj.201600646r
Herb-Infused Summer Beverages using Sage, Lavender & Linden!
Infusing Drinks with Herbs
Spruce up your summer afternoon with these refreshing herb-infused beverages! Budtender/Herblist Tania formulated these light and cool summer drinks. Check out the video on youtube using the link below to learn more about the benefits of each herb straight from her!
1/2 cup Lavender
2 cups of Water
Sweetener of choice (we used stevia)
1 1/2 cup Linden
2 cups of Water
Sweetener of choice (we used stevia)
Sage Iced Black Tea
5 leaves Fresh Sage (1 TBSP dry sage)
2 cups of Water
Sweetener of choice (we used stevia)
Fine Mesh Strainer or Cheese Cloth
Honey cuts the bitterness of the black tea the best, but stevia can also be an excellent all-natural sweetener!
Temper the glasses you will be brewing your herbs in if needed.
Boil half of your water.
INFUSING THE WATER
Place herbs in the bottom of your tempered mason jar, or heat safe container. (include the black tea with the sage at this point).
Cover in boiling water and cover to retain essential oils.
Wait 5 minutes.
STRAIN YOUR BEVERAGE
⋆ Using a fine-mesh strainer or cheesecloth, strain the herbs out of your jar and into a glass half-filled with water. This prevents the hot water from breaking the new glass.
ADD YOUR CITRUS
⋆ Juice your lemon or lime and add to your beverage
SWEETEN, ICE, AND SERVE.
Want to make it with us?
We put a video on youtube with Herbalist Tania guiding you through the process. You can use this as a reference when making your drinks at home!
When using fresh herbs, harvest in the morning after chance of dew for optimum aroma richness! -Tania
RSO-Infused Brown Sugar Blondies Recipe
Infusing Blondies with RSO
Today’s recipe is for Brown Sugar Blondies and comes from Budtender Richard! Remember when infusing with RSO to only use as much of the syringe as dosage needs require. This recipe uses the full syringe, making a 650mg pan of blondies (10 slices = 65mg Each!). To make smaller doses easier, try using a quarter or half of the syringe. We will discuss the math below. Let’s get baking!
- 1 gram Farmers Friend Extracts RSO
- 1.5 cups flour
- 3 eggs
- 1/2 cup butter
- 1 teaspoon baking powder
- 1 teaspoon vanilla extract
- Dash of Salt
- 1 Cup Walnuts or 2/3 cup Chocolate Chips (optional)
WHAT YOU’LL NEED
Gluten-Free? Substitute Almond Flour
Vegan? Substitute Coconut Oil (same measurements!)
Preheat the Oven to 350°F
Oil your pan
INFUSING THE BUTTER
Warm the butter in a saucepan on the stove until butter is melted but not hot; keep that heat low so as to not cook out your THC.
Add RSO to softened butter and stir until consistent and smooth (important for consistently dosed edibles, approx 3-5 min).
⋆ In Mixing Bowl combine Brown Sugar and Infused Butter. Mix well.
⋆ Add eggs, flour, baking powder, vanilla extract, a dash of salt, and your walnuts or chocolate chips (if so desired) to the bowl and mix together.
⋆ Spread evenly in your prepared pan.
BAKE for 25-30 minutes.
⋆ Let cool and divide according to your dosage needs.
Want to make it with us?
We put a video on youtube with Budtender Andi guiding you through the process. You can use this as a reference when making your blondies at home!
Find the testing label showing MG of THC and CBD in the RSO.
If the testing label is in percentages, move the decimal one point to the right
(65% = 650mg)
Divide your pan of blondies into enough pieces to meet your dosing requirements. This is where using only part of the syringe can be helpful! To make a 650mg pan of brownies into 5mg servings you would have to cut it into 130 pieces (which is just not feasible).
Using a quarter of this syringe would be 162 mg, meaning it would be 32 pieces to make 5mg servings. We know, that looks like math, but we swear it’s easy!
How many MG you put into your blondies ÷ 5mg = how many pieces you need to cut it into.
Per OLCC research: The average psycho-active threshold is 5mg, some people need less, some people need more.
Always start low and add slowly, remembering to wait at least 1.5 hours after eating an edible before consuming more as it takes time for your body to digest the cannabis and feel the effects.
What is a Cannabinoid?
A beginner's guide to Cannabinoids
Cannabinoids are chemical compounds found in the cannabis plant that interact with receptors in the brain and body to create various effects. Dozens of cannabinoids exist in the cannabis plant, but THC is the one most people know due to its abundance and psycho-active attributes. Some of the other Cannabinoids we have begun to become familiar with include CBD, CBN, CBG, CBC, THC-A, THC-V, and THC-O.
Why does cannabis produce cannabinoids? Cannabinoids are known as secondary metabolites, which means they are chemicals the plant produces that have no primary role in the plant’s development. However, the leading hypothesis is that secondary metabolites act as an immune system for the plant, fending off predators, parasites, and pests.
SCIENCE & THE ENDOCANNABINOID SYSTEM
Because humans (and many other mammals) have receptor systems that cannabinoids bind to, we are able to reap their benefits for both health and recreation This system, called the endocannabinoid system (or ECS), is a group of specialized signaling chemicals (think “keys”), their receptors (think “locks”), and the metabolic enzymes that produce and break them down. The endocannabinoid chemical signals that our bodies naturally put out act on some of the same brain and immune cell receptors (CB1 and CB2) that plant cannabinoids (like CBD and THC) act on.
Put more simply, the plant’s cannabinoids mimic natural compounds in our bodies.
The isolation of THC came from an Israeli chemist by the name of Raphael Mechoulam. In 1964, Mechoulam isolated and synthesized THC from Lebanese hashish, marking the beginning of cannabis research and leading to the discovery of many other cannabinoids, cannabinoid receptors throughout the body, and “endocannabinoids” – the THC-like compounds our body naturally produces to maintain stability and health.
Each cannabinoid occurs in different levels within different plants and can interact with each person uniquely depending on the synergy of cannabinoids and terpenes in the plant in combination with how your body produces and reacts to them. Learning about the uses of each cannabinoid can greatly increase your success with using cannabis as a medication. Your budtender can be an excellent tool in helping direct you to the strains and intake methods that are right for you.
Coming Soon: Learn about each cannabinoid individually by clicking on the image above. Stay tuned while we role out this new education section of our website!
←Meanwhile- check out this cannabinoid wheel from Leafly! Super informative!
100s of Cannabinoids exist in each plant.
The first Cannabinoid was discovered in 1964.
Cannabinoids mimic compounds in our bodies and bond to receptors in our natural endocannabinoid system. Think of the cannabinoids as “keys” and our receptors as “locks”.
Using the correct cannabinoid for you will improve efficacy.
A guide to topicals.
A beginner's guide to Topicals
The 2018 Civilized Culture Poll interviewed over 1,600 U.S. and Canadian cannabis consumers. Results revealed that 28 percent of Canadian and 33 percent of U.S. respondents expressed interest in trying topicals.
How does a topical work?
We naturally produce endocannabinoids in our bodies and use them to help fight things like inflammation. When the body has a difficult time providing endocannabinoids on its own, supplementing with cannabis can encourage the natural immune system.
Infused balms, salves, and lotions are a great introduction for anyone who’s remotely interested in learning about the potential benefits of cannabis or hemp for pain relief.
Topical products most commonly activate within the first 10-20 minutes and tend to stay active for approximately 2-4 hours. There are currently no human studies evaluating the dosage or concentration of topical cannabinoids, so as with most cannabis products, some exploration on the part of the user will occur.
Will I get high from a topical?
The majority of the body is non-receptive to the psycho-activity of THC. THC becomes psycho-active when it enters the bloodstream; through ingestion, inhalation, or application to eyes, mouth or bathing suit areas.* This means that it is possible to receive a psychoactive effect when using medicated lubricants, as they are typically applied to areas of the body with mucous membranes.
Keep reading to learn about the different infusion methods and why you would choose a lotion of a salve!
Remember to wash your hands after applying an infused topical to ensure that there is no accidental cross-over by touching your eyes, nose, mouth (etc) after the application.
*Note there are patches available in some states that contain chemicals that allow THC to enter the bloodstream.
***Keep in mind that while you may not experience the psycho-active effect, we can not guarantee that you would pass a drug test: Accidental cross-contamination means it is possible. Therefore, it is always a good idea to practice caution if you know that you will be coming up against in a drugs test.
Factor's to consider when choosing your Topical:
CBD vs. THC topicals
When trying to choose the right topical for you, the sheer number of options out there on the market can be overwhelming. CBD is sweeping the nation, and some are forgetting that THC medical research is what brought our industry to the point it is. It’s important to remember that each cannabinoid excels in slightly different manners, though there is a general overlap. Research is, of course, ongoing and incomplete.
We have provided some links below so you can learn why you would choose one instead of the other. Many pain issues stem from a combination of these factors- causing some patients to opt for topicals that have balanced ratios of THC and CBD to receive the benefits of both cannabinoids. Experience can vary from person to person, and with research incomplete- we encourage you to always ask your budtender. We can’t make any promises, but we may be able to help get you started on the right path.
Choosing an infusion method- Oil, Lotion, Salve?
With any topical, whether it be cannabis, hemp or peppermint, consistency is an important factor to consider as well.
Oil-based topicals tend to penetrate the deepest through our skin- making it ideal for deeply embedded issues, as well as hips, thighs and backs (where there is more fatty tissue to get through).
Salves penetrate deeply enough to be more ideal for places like elbows, knees, necks and shoulders. Because they also have a vapor seal- it could be a good choice for someone trying to fight difficult skin conditions.
Lotions are more frequently chosen by people who are looking to use them on their hands, feet, or faces. None of these areas require a very deep penetration, and consumers prefer less oily options in these areas.
Note that a little can go a long way, just cover the area, don’t smother the area. Many patients will get halfway through their topical and begin to be more sparing, only to find that’s all they needed to begin with.
Wondering what kind of Topicals we carry? Visit our menu here.
Topicals normally take effect in the first 10-20 minutes and last approximately 2-4 hours.
You should not feel high on a topical unless you touch your eyes, nose, mouth, ears or private areas without first having washed your hands.
Choosing the right ratio of CBD to THC, and infusion method will play a major role in the effectivity of your topical.
A guide to edibles. How to dose and what to expect.
A beginner's guide to Edibles
Edibles are definitely a recreational favorite when it comes to the cannabis industry. Companies are infusing cannabis into brownies, cookies, chocolates, granola bars, nuts, beverages, and more. Basically if you can eat it, they’ve made a medible version. Not only are edibles a good recreational choice to save your lungs, but there may be other reasons you would choose an edible as well…
Why would I choose an Edible?
Eating or drinking your cannabis can be a great way to dose your THC or CBD without hurting your lungs! But thats only the tip of the iceberg.
Long Effect Time:
Some people also like to choose them because of their long effect time. Like going to family gatherings where they won’t be able to medicate for extended periods of time. This is because as the edible is digested through your lymphatic, metabolic and pancreatic tracts it provides you with a slow dosing effect. Most people report about a 4-10 hours of effect.
Staying asleep through the night:
Studies have shown that due to their long effect times, edibles may be beneficial to people who have issues staying asleep through the night. While the effects of smoking are immediate and only last a few hours, edibles last approximately 8hours (the perfect nights sleep!). This should keep you below the Dream/Wake threshold as you are about to come out of your first REM cycle. Ever taken an edible and just passed out? Thats what we are talking about.
Factor's to consider when choosing your Edible:
Dosage numbers: If you are new to dosing, we recommend you start with small doses, or a product that has a ratio of CBD in it to help mellow of the sensation. Many products out there, like mints, nuts and tinctures, allow for easy micro-dosing. You can always add more, but you can’t take it away.
What type of weed was it made from? Most edibles on the market are hybrids (meaning your energy level should stay the same), though some companies are making strain-specific batches. Going strain-specific or at least choosing between Sativa, Hybrid and Indica will give you a better idea of what your high will be like in the end.
How they infused the edible: The next factor is how they infuse the cannabis. If you are using this edible medicinally we recommend you find a product that is made with an RSO or Infused Canna-Butter or Canna-Coconut Oil. This is because you get all of the cannabinoids and sub-cannabinoids with Full Extract infusions, which is important for the full medicinal effect.
Another way people medicate edibles is to infuse with distillate extracts- this is the most common way. Recreational users will find excellent results with these products, but people with higher tolerance levels may find better results from a FECO (full extract cannabis oil) infusion.
They’re all delicious, but finding the right one for you can be important.
Figuring out my dosage
The OLCC has deemed 5mg of THC to be the *average* dosage.
All edibles are divided into a maximum of 5mg servings but that does not mean that is your dosage. For people sensitive to THC we suggest starting small and increase slowly, waiting between doses. It’s easier to add than to take away.
Remember that it can take 30-180 minutes for effects to be felt.
Please wait two hours before taking another dose.
Low and Slow.
Edibles can be a fun and delicious way to partake in cannabis, but be sure to figure out your dosage first! If you have any questions about what a dose for you might be, ask your budtender for their guidance. They are there to help.
Edibles dose you through your metabolic and digestive tracts, providing a steady release of cannabinoids for several hours. Most commonly from 4-8 hours.
Edibles can take approximately 2 hours to take effect.
Start low and go slow when trying to figure out your dosage.
What is a dab and why would I choose dabbing?
What is a dab?
Dabs are a form of cannabis concentrate that is extracted from the buds of the plant, most commonly by using butane, protane, C02 or simple heat. Extracts are normally smoked by placing them on a hot nail and inhaled. The most common place dabs you have seen are vape pens! That’s right, vaping is just the new tech-savy way to partake in dabbable extracts without a torch and dab rig.
Think of it like orange juice.
You can buy an organic orange and juice it. Or you can buy the organic concentrate.
The practice of concentrating medical herbs goes back centuries.
Prior to 2010 any dabbables made were not done in labs and were unregulated. Only now that we can study it has it become more regulated and it is only in recent years that it has gained popularity.
Why choose dabbing?
Dabbing has gained in popularity due to the fact that it is a form of vaping, and just like vape pens, it provides a gentler experience on the lungs when done correctly. Most dab rigs and nectar collectors offer a water reservoir similar to a bong- allowing for a water filtration process in addition to the vapor, making it even more gentle.
When you need a more potent dosage of a cannabinoid, dabbing could be a good choice, but it is not for the weak of heart. Because dabbing offers of mega-servings of cannabinoids like THC and CBD, it is most commonly utilized by long-time consumers with high tolerances, or those that suffer from intense or severe symptoms who have tried other methods, to no avail.
For new smokers or people who have lower tolerances, CBD dabbables and ratioed dabs are available on the market, though they are fewer and far between. Whether you are a novice consumer, or your body has a low tolerance threshold- choosing a more mildly psycho-active dab may be a good place to start.
How do I dab?
Dabbing is achieved by heating the nail until it is a red color. Wait approximately 20 seconds for the nail to cool down, you don’t want do intake vapor that is too hot. After those 20 seconds are over, inhale through the rig. You do not need to take a large dab, they call it dabbing for a reason. Just a little dab will do. Vaping should always be done at lower temperatures to preserve your terpenes.
Cool new Dab Pens make this easier as you only need to insert the concentrate, press the button and draw your vapor. There is no torch required for these vape pen alternatives, known most commonly as Dab Pens.
Things to watch out for:
Availability: Depending on your area, dabs may be available in THC or CBD, with other cannabinoids in smaller doses. It is important to note that dabs are incredibly potent so make sure you are sitting and drink a lot of water if you have never tried it before.
Gear: Most dab enthusiasts have their own dab rig and torch at home. We recommend a quartz nail, as the glass nails eventually break and the metal ones are hotter for your lungs. If you are intimidated by the dab rig and torch, there are other options out there! They are now making pens that you can drop the concentrate into, much like what you see with vape pens. This makes the process much more hassle-free for the consumer.
What else can I do with a dabbable? Good question! You can bake with them!
Simply add to your choice of saturated fat (be-it butter, coconut oil, et al) and melt together on a low heat! (Remember to measure out the amount of fat you need) and then add to your recipe! Are you wondering how to convert the % to mg? just move the decimal point over. If your dab is 69.5%THC, then it has 695mg. The average serving size according to the OLCC is 5mg of THC. Dose accordingly.
Dabbing can be an effective way to dose THC or CBD for people with more chronic issues that require higher doses, but it is not for the faint of heart!
Always keep water nearby, and for those of you trying it for the first time, make sure you are seated.
You just need a dab!